Business Services

How to Make a Humvee Street Legal

The mighty Humvee has conquered foreign battlefields, suburban soccer fields and everything in between. But it has reached a crossroads.

The military replaced the HMMWV with a new model called the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, or JLTV. It combines the HMMWV’s off-road capabilities with the MRAP’s unparalleled protection against roadside bombs. Click the to learn more.

The military Humvee is a utility vehicle used to transport soldiers and gear. It is also used to carry out front-line reconnaissance patrols and serve as a mobile command post. The Humvee is made by AM General and is sold to many countries around the world. The official name is the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, but it is better known by its nickname, the Humvee. The HMMWV is a very versatile vehicle that can be adapted to meet the specific needs of its users.

The Humvee was introduced to the Military in the 1980’s and became very popular as a utility vehicle due to its ability to traverse rugged terrain and hostile environments. The HMMWV was used heavily in the Gulf War and the Iraq War, as well as several other conflicts.

One of the main issues with the HMMWV was that it did not offer much protection for its occupants. Roadside bombs and small arms fire were causing high casualties among soldiers manning the vehicles. The aluminum body of a standard HMMWV could not stop a 7.62 bullet from an AK-47, so extra armor was added to the Humvees.

Although the Humvee has been in service for over forty years, it is still being used in the field. This is due in part to the fact that the military is notoriously slow when it comes to implementing new technology. The Humvee has been modified with a number of different armor and weaponry options, including gun turrets, missiles, and other armaments.

The Humvee has a reputation for being noisy, obnoxious, and gas guzzling. However, the Humvee was originally conceived as a military-only vehicle, so it was not designed to be as comfortable or luxurious as a typical SUV. The success of the HMMWV led to AM General creating the civilian Hummer, which is the version of the Humvee most people are familiar with.

While the Humvee is no longer in service with the US Army, it continues to play a critical role for other militaries around the world. It is anticipated that the Humvee will continue to be in use for decades to come, as the military seeks to strike a balance between prioritizing the vehicles of tomorrow and maintaining and improving its existing fleet.

History of the Humvee

The military Humvee is one of the most famous vehicles in history. It is used by soldiers in the United States and many other countries around the world. The HMMWV has been in service since the 1980s and continues to be an important vehicle for the military.

The Humvee is a four-wheel drive vehicle with a diesel engine that is designed to be off-road capable. The vehicle can travel over rough terrain and climb hills with ease. It can also traverse water and ford streams. The HMMWV is also able to carry weapons such as machine guns and rocket-propelled grenade launchers. The HMMWV is used by various branches of the military and is also available in a civilian version called the Hummer.

In 1983, the Army awarded a production contract to AM General Corporation for 55,000 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWV). Nicknamed the Humvee, these vehicles were developed to transport troops and cargo. The vehicle quickly gained popularity with the United States military during the Persian Gulf War in the early 1990s. The Humvee was able to provide the military with more protection than previous light utility vehicles like the jeep and the 2-ton M274 Mule and M561 Gama Goat, which were being used at the time.

While the Humvee was a good vehicle for its intended purpose of ferrying troops and cargo, it soon became clear that it needed more armor to withstand attacks by roadside bombs and small arms fire. To increase their protection, the military began retrofitting the Humvee with armor and bulletproof windows. This increased the weight of the vehicles, which made them slow and clumsy. It also put added strain on the vehicle’s engine, transmission and drivetrain, which accelerated wear and tear.

The HMMWV was also not ideal for the urban warfare that characterized much of the fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Its aluminum body was almost as fragile as tissue paper in the face of small arms fire and roadside improvised explosive devices, and it did not have the agility that is needed to maneuver through cities. The extra weight also caused the vehicle to consume a lot of fuel.

Buying a Humvee

Humvees are some of the most intimidating vehicles on the planet. They’re built for war, and they can carry a lot of equipment over the most difficult terrain. Because of this, they are able to travel far more quickly than most vehicles that are built for street driving. This makes them very attractive to people who are interested in military surplus vehicles, but want to get something that can be driven on the streets. Luckily, it’s pretty easy to buy a used Humvee as a civilian. It’s just a matter of finding the right one and understanding what you need to do in order to make it street legal.

The most popular way to buy a Humvee is through a government auction. Many different agencies hold weekly online auctions through GovPlanet. These auctions are open to the public and can be very competitive, depending on the vehicle’s size and mileage. You can also find private companies that specialize in selling used Humvees. They can help you get the best deal possible and ensure that the vehicle is in good condition.

If you’re looking for a military Humvee that is ready to drive on the streets, there are several things you need to do in order to make it road legal. The most important thing is to check with your local Department of Motor Vehicles to see what the specific rules and regulations are for your state. It would be a shame to spend the money on a Humvee and then discover that you can’t drive it on the roads at all.

The next thing you need to do is make sure the vehicle meets your state’s requirements for registration and titling. Most Humvees sold through GovPlanet will be titled for off-road use only, but you can upgrade them to be street legal with the addition of certain armor and other upgrades. The final step is to obtain a safety inspection and a certificate of origin from your local DMV or other state titling authority.

While Humvees are still in production by AM General, the United States military has begun replacing them with newer trucks called JLTVs. These vehicles are much more modern, with better armor protection and a stronger V-shaped mine-resistant hull. The JLTVs are also designed to be able to carry more equipment and have a better payload capacity than the Humvee.

Street Legality of Humvees

The military Humvee is a tough and versatile vehicle. It can be used for a wide range of purposes, from hunting to transporting equipment and supplies. It is also great for off-road driving. However, it is not as street-legal as a civilian model. In order to drive a Humvee on the road, it will need to be modified.

Luckily, there are companies that specialize in making military vehicles legal to drive on the roads. These companies can handle the entire process from start to finish. This will save you a lot of time and money.

One such company is 5 Star Registration, which can make your Humvee street-legal within a few weeks. They have a team of experts who can help you with the paperwork and other details involved in the process. The experts can also advise you on what modifications to make. In addition, they can help you find the perfect Humvee for your needs.

In addition, a military Humvee is quite dependable. It can travel over rough terrain with ease, and it is able to climb hills and ford streams. Its four-wheel drive system ensures that the vehicle can tackle any obstacle that may come its way.

Military Humvees are also very fuel efficient. They get about 15 miles per gallon, which is not too far from the fuel efficiency of a Mercedes E-Class. In addition, they are a great choice for people who are looking for a unique vehicle that will set them apart from the crowd. They are also ideal for those who want to show off their patriotism.

Moreover, these vehicles are easy to maintain and have many different features. They are also extremely comfortable, which makes them an excellent option for long trips. Whether you are interested in buying a Humvee for your family or as a gift for someone else, you should consider these factors before making a purchase.

A Humvee is an excellent choice for anyone who wants a rugged and reliable vehicle. It is perfect for hunters, outdoor enthusiasts, and people who are passionate about military history.

Concrete Repair

The Importance of Paving

Paving Companies Long Island is the process of constructing flat, sturdy surfaces from various materials. Popular paving options include concrete, asphalt, bricks, and stones.

The paving process typically involves excavation, grading, base preparation, geotextile fiber install, sand preparation, concrete paver installation and curing. Each type of paving requires different tools and expertise to install and maintain.

Unpaved areas are vulnerable to the elements and are prone to getting damaged. If not repaired in time, they become unsafe and pose a risk to pedestrians. Additionally, vehicles on such surfaces experience unnecessary wear and tear. Their tyres get punctured and their shocks are put under strain. Paving offers a solid and even surface that can take on the specific load and traffic of an area. It also protects the underlying soil from erosion which can affect nearby structures like ponds, boundary walls and swimming pools. Some paving options are also eco-friendly and help with rainwater management. This is helpful in areas that are prone to flooding or near water bodies.

Paving also includes grading, gravelling and culvert repair and required upgrading of Village and subdivision Streets to meet industry standards.


Paving is a key part of any construction project and offers a long-lasting, solid surface that resists heavy traffic loads, harsh weather conditions, and regular wear and tear. With proper installation and maintenance, paved surfaces can last for decades.

When it comes to choosing a paving material, there are many options available. Concrete, bricks, and natural stones are common choices, offering durability and a classic look. Additionally, paving is available in a variety of finishes and designs to suit different projects and aesthetic preferences.

The most durable paving materials are those with exceptional strength and resilience. This durability is offered by the composition, density, and porosity of a paving material as well as its resistance to chemical exposure and other environmental factors.

Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a versatile material that is used for road and driveway construction. It is a combination of aggregates and binder, which are held together by a chemical adhesive called asphalt cement. Asphalt is an ideal paving material for high-traffic areas because it provides good resistance to damage and flexibility under load.

When choosing a paving material, it is important to consider the frequency and weight of traffic on the area. This will influence the design specifications and quality of the pavement, affecting its lifespan and durability.

Another factor that affects the durability of a paving surface is its climate conditions. Temperature extremes, humidity levels, and rainfall can all affect the performance of a paving surface. Choosing a paving material that is suitable for the local climate will help to ensure its longevity.

Loose aggregates are often used for paving projects, but they are less durable than concrete or asphalt. Additionally, they can easily erode when wet, causing costly repairs. Organic-Lock, a new type of blended aggregate, solves this problem by providing a strong and durable surface that is resistant to erosion. In addition, it allows water to flow through the paved area, rather than pooling on top of it. This keeps the paved surface clean and prevents flooding, which can be a serious health and safety issue for pedestrians and drivers.


Pavement is more than a utilitarian necessity; it can be an art form that elevates the streetscape and enhances cultural identity. Pavement can be as bold or as subtle as the architecture that surrounds it, from intricate patterns to sweeping designs that celebrate nature’s rhythm and human connection.

Aesthetics are a fundamental part of the paving process, starting with base installation and ending with finishing touches. It is at this final stage that the true craftsmanship of paving is revealed, showcasing a balanced blend of utility and aesthetics.

The most basic pavement is simply a flat black surface, but it can be made more appealing with a variety of colors and textures. The choice of color reflects the surrounding environment, while the texture creates a sense of place. In addition, paved areas can be designed to display company logos or other graphics, giving businesses and public spaces a sense of branding.

Concrete is a silent hero of paving, offering durability and versatility. It can be etched, textured, and stamped to create intricate patterns that can resemble brick or cobblestone. These intricate patterns tell a story without saying a word, capturing the energy of the space they inhabit. Pavements can also be sculpted to accentuate curves and angles, adding to the visual appeal.

Using recycled materials is another great way to improve the aesthetic of a paved area. Reclaimed pavers, bricks and sleepers are available in a myriad of shapes, sizes, colors and condition, adding character to any project. They can be combined with newer paving material, creating a contrast of old and new that highlights the best features of each material. Adding mosses and lichens to old materials can also add interest, particularly when used as a ground-cover in permeable paving systems.

The finishing touches of a paved area are what truly make it stand out from the rest. From the edging that defines the boundaries to the sealant that protects and enhances, every detail counts when it comes to achieving a perfect balance of utility and aesthetics. The paving professionals at Fort Lee Paving are experts in delivering these finishes, ensuring that the beauty of a paved surface is not compromised at any stage of the process.


Pavement is a vital part of our daily lives, whether we drive on it, walk on it or park on it. A smooth, well-constructed concrete or asphalt surface makes travel easier and safer, and it looks better, too. Preventative maintenance on pavement surfaces aims to address small issues before they become larger problems and decreases the risk of costly repairs in the future.

Paving is the process of constructing flat, sturdy surfaces using materials like concrete, bricks, stones and asphalt. It’s commonly used for building walkways, driveways and parking lots. The installation process for paving differs from that of asphalt, with paving requiring more time and specialized tools than the installation of an asphalt road.

The paving process begins with the preparation of the ground, which includes leveling and creating a solid base. This is followed by the actual paving of the road or driveway, which involves adding layers of asphalt to the surface of the ground. The resulting layer is then sealed to protect the underlying materials.

Both paved and unpaved areas need regular care to preserve their integrity. Small cracks and holes are a common issue that should be repaired immediately to prevent further damage. If left unattended, a small crack can develop into a pothole that’s uncomfortable to drive on and difficult for pedestrians to navigate.

To repair an existing cracked or damaged paved surface, it’s necessary to remove all dirt from the area. Dirt reduces the bond between the sealer and the paved surface, making it more difficult for the sealer to fully adhere to the pavement. Once the surface is clean, it can be applied a new coat of sealer to protect and prolong its life.

Paving is an important investment for any business, and commercial property owners should make it a priority to take care of their pavement and roadways. Keeping them in good condition will save money on expensive repairs, increase their lifespan and maintain the appearance of their property.

Cleaning Services

How To Install a Septic Tank

A septic tank gathers wastewater and solid waste from your toilets, bathrooms and garbage disposal. Wastewater exits the tank through a buried drain field. Solid waste – called sludge – sinks to the bottom of the tank and scum floats on top.

Over time, bacterial activity digests the sludge and gasses escape through ventilation holes. These gases travel into the surrounding soil and water bodies where they are absorbed or evaporate. Visit Our Website to know more.

When you decide to buy a home in the country or move out of an urban area, one thing you probably think about is the quiet and space you will have. But if you’re purchasing a home with an on-site septic tank, you also have to think about how often the septic system will need to be pumped.

When the time comes to pump your septic tank, you will need to find it and then clear out the area around it, possibly digging up some of your yard for access. The septic service professionals will then come with a truck equipped with a giant tank and a suction hose that literally sucks the sewage out of your septic tank into their truck. They will then take it to their company’s septic processing site, where it is safely handled and processed.

While they are pumping your septic tank, the service professionals will also be looking at other things with your septic system and the surrounding soil. They will check the condition of your septic tank and make note of any repairs that may need to be made. They will also look for any leaks in your septic tank or pipes and check the drain field to see how it is working and whether there are any cracks that need to be repaired.

Septic tank inlet and outlet tees help wastewater to flow from the septic tank into the absorption field. These tees sit below the scum layer in your septic tank and use hydraulic pressure to push water into your absorption field from the septic tank. This helps prevent solid wastes from flowing into your drain field, which can clog and ruin the absorption process.

The septic tank also contains a vent that allows gases to escape from the septic tank into the surrounding soil. This helps reduce odors and keep the environment safe. The septic tank links to the absorption field through a series of pipes that are buried underground. The absorption field is a series of trenches that are partially filled with washed gravel, stone or a gravelless product that biologically treats wastewater by dispersing it into the soil.


A septic tank is a large container that is buried underground and used for treating wastewater that comes from the home. Over time, the septic tank will need to be cleaned on a regular basis to ensure that solid waste doesn’t clog the septic system or leak into the drain field. Having the tank pumped regularly, using bacterial additives, and practicing water efficiency can all help to prevent the need for professional cleanings.

The first step in cleaning a septic tank is to locate the tank. This can be done by calling your local septic tank inspection service or checking the map provided online. Once the location is found, a professional will dig out the top of the tank and remove the dirt to uncover the access port. Then, they will use a shovel or rake to break up the sludge layer. The pro will also uncover the inlet side to clean out the baffle filter.

After the septic tank has been uncovered, the pros will look inside the tank to see how much solid waste is in it. They will also inspect the septic tank for any issues, such as leaks. After the inspection, they will drive away with the septic tank sludge and take it to a treatment facility. The sludge must be disposed of in accordance with state and local regulations, so it is not something that homeowners can do themselves.

Before leaving, the septic tank pro will make sure that the baffle filter is back in place and working properly. Then, they will put the septic tank lid back on. Before the pro leaves, they will mark the location of the septic tank so that future pumping services can be completed more quickly and efficiently.

Once the septic tank is cleaned, it is important to protect yourself and your family by using water efficiently. For example, it is a good idea to take shorter showers, wash clothes and dishes in smaller loads, and spread out laundry throughout the week. This will reduce the amount of waste that is added to the septic tank and help to extend the life of the septic system.


A septic tank is a buried, water-tight container of concrete, fiberglass or polyethylene. Wastewater enters the tank, and heavy solids settle to the bottom forming sludge. Oil and grease floats to the top and forms scum. Compartments in the tank help to separate these into liquid and solids wastewater, or effluent. Flowing out of the tank, the liquid wastewater is filtered through the soil before it reaches groundwater.

If the septic tank or the drain field are not working correctly, it can result in sewage back-up into homes and unpleasant odors. The septic system can also overload, which causes clogged pipes and expensive repairs.

Problems can occur when there are too many people using the septic system or when the tank is not properly sized for the home. When septic tanks and drain fields are designed by professionals, they are sized to accommodate the number of people living in the home and the expected volume of wastewater. These professionals are licensed and trained to ensure that the septic system is placed and installed according to building codes and regulations.

Having a professional inspect and repair your septic tank, septic tank lids and pipes is critical to the overall performance of your home’s plumbing and sewer system. When problems are addressed quickly, they can be resolved before serious damage occurs.

Some common signs of septic system problems include bathtubs and sinks draining slowly, gurgling sounds coming from toilets, standing water or wet spots in the yard near the septic tank or drain field, and bad odors around the septic tank and leach field.

A failing septic system can lead to sewage back-up into homes and cause health issues for family members. Sewage can also pollute nearby drinking water wells and waterways with pathogenic bacteria, such as coliforms. Overloaded septic systems can also contribute excess nutrients that fuel algae blooms, reducing oxygen in waterbodies and harming fish and other aquatic life.

Proper maintenance helps to keep a septic tank and drain field functioning at peak performance for years. Keep a map of the location of the septic tank and the drainage system components, or mark them with permanent stakes, so that you can avoid damaging them when doing yard work or performing routine home maintenance. Adding 8 to 12-inches of mulch around the septic tank, pipes and drain field is beneficial for moisture retention and plant growth, which can help to prevent soil compaction that can reduce the efficiency of the drainage system.


A septic tank collects wastewater from your home’s toilets, showers, washing machines and sinks and holds it underneath the ground. Solids stay in the tank while liquids exit into a buried drain field where the waste is further treated by filtration and absorption through the soil and grass above. Depending on the size of the tank, material (polyethylene, fiberglass or concrete), and installation costs, a new septic system can cost between $3,000-$20,000.

Most septic systems require a permit to be installed. Check with your local housing authority for more information. You may also need a water and sewer connection permit.

If you’re looking to install a new septic system, you should consult a plumber or contractor. They will help you choose the best type of septic system for your home and budget. They can also provide a detailed breakdown of the costs for the job.

You’ll want to consider your home’s size, number of people living in it, and the condition of the surrounding soil. This will affect how deep the drainage pit needs to be and where it’s located. You’ll also need to consider whether you want the septic tank to be underground or above ground.

If you opt for a septic tank that’s underground, it will need to be lined with gravel or stone to ensure that ground water doesn’t enter and overwhelm your system. It should also have a riser that’s at grade for pumping, maintenance and inspections.

Another option is a tank with a pump that’s above ground. This system has multiple outlets that distribute the wastewater evenly among a series of drain fields. These drain fields have trenches filled with gravel and sand where the wastewater is further treated by microbes. Unlike the gravel/stone system, this design is more compact and suitable for smaller homes.

Home Improvement

The Process of Remodeling a Mobile Home

Whether you want to accommodate a growing family or simply improve your mobile home’s appearance, a well-executed remodel can increase its resale value. However, before beginning any renovations, it is important to understand the process involved.

The first step is to determine your budget. This will help you decide what projects to prioritize and which areas need a more significant overhaul. Contact Mobile Home Remodeling Tacoma WA now!

There are a number of factors that affect the cost of remodeling a mobile home, including renovation expenses and contractor fees. Understanding how these factors impact your budget will help you make informed decisions about which upgrades are most appropriate for your home. For example, a complete overhaul of the kitchen could include expensive electrical and plumbing upgrades that are more costly than simply replacing the flooring in a single room. Likewise, choosing premium materials like wood floors may significantly increase the cost of your remodel project.

When it comes to mobile home renovation costs, the first thing you need to determine is how much you are willing to spend. This will help you narrow down your options and ensure that the work is done to a high standard. Moreover, it will also allow you to set realistic expectations about the timeframe and cost of your renovation.

Generally speaking, it is possible to renovate a mobile home without breaking the bank. For example, you can replace the carpets or paint the walls to give your home a fresh look. You can also install new vinyl floors or upgrade the existing ones. In addition to improving the aesthetics of your home, these upgrades will add value and functionality.

It’s also important to consider any additional expenses that might be associated with the remodel, such as permit fees or inspections. Lastly, it’s essential to hire a reputable contractor who has experience working on mobile homes. This will save you a lot of headaches in the long run and ensure that your remodel is completed on schedule.

One of the most affordable ways to improve the look of your mobile home is to change the flooring. Replacing the old, worn-out flooring with new materials will dramatically improve the look and feel of your home. For example, YouTuber LittleLyman used Baird Brothers wood flooring to transform a 1979 double-wide manufactured home and completely changed the look of the entire space. The result was a modern, beautiful floor that added significant value to the property.

Changing the ceiling in a mobile home can be an expensive project, but it’s worth it if you want to add value to your home. The cost of a ceiling renovation depends on the type of material and labor costs, but it’s typically around $2,000 for a typical mobile home.


A mobile home is a popular choice for homeowners who value affordability and flexibility. But they can also come with outdated features and limited space that can make living in them less than ideal. That’s why some mobile home owners choose to remodel their homes. Whether you’re looking to update your kitchen, bathroom, or living room, there are plenty of remodeling options that will give you the perfect look.

Mobile home remodels can add a lot of value to your home, and they’re an affordable option that can be done on a tight budget. To get started, decide what changes you want to make and create a budget that includes the cost of materials and labor. Once you have a budget in mind, you can begin to plan the remodeling project and find a contractor.

Many people choose to remodel their mobile homes because they want to change the interior design and make it more modern. There are a number of different ways to do this, including painting, adding new flooring, and upgrading lighting fixtures. You can also replace cabinets and countertops for a more updated look. In addition, you can add crown molding or shiplap to your mobile home for a more luxurious look.

Another way to improve the interior of your mobile home is by installing a new roof. Experts recommend using a roof pitch of at least 4/12, which will give your home a great look from the outside and help prevent water leaks. Before making this upgrade, it’s important to check the roof supports to ensure they’re in good condition.

If your mobile home’s doors are old and dingy, replacing them with new ones can make a big difference. There are many options available, including sliding glass doors that open up more space and let in more light. You can also add a barn door for a more rustic look, and there are even options that include sliding mirrors to increase functionality.

Another easy DIY mobile home remodel is painting. A fresh coat of paint can make your entire home feel brand new. Be sure to use a color that will brighten up your space and make it feel larger. You can also add other decorative touches, such as wainscoting or vertical batten, to enhance the beauty of your home.


When remodeling a mobile home, it is important to choose the right contractor for the job. A quality contractor will be able to handle the complexities of the job and deliver an excellent result. In addition, they will have experience working with different types of homes. They will also be able to provide you with tips and tricks on how to remodel your mobile home.

A good contractor will be able to communicate clearly and answer your questions in a timely manner. They will also be able to offer you an accurate estimate of the timeframe and costs of the project. You should also make sure that the contractor is licensed and insured. If you are unsure about the reputation of a particular contractor, ask friends and neighbors for recommendations. It is also a good idea to check with the Better Business Bureau for any complaints against a particular contractor.

The best way to start a mobile home remodel is to determine your budget. You should also decide on a style and stick to it. Trying to change styles too frequently will end up costing you more money. It is also a good idea to start with the most critical parts of your mobile home, such as the kitchen and living area. Once these areas have been remodeled, you can move on to other rooms.

Remodeling a single-wide or double-wide mobile home can be an exciting venture. This type of home offers many opportunities to customize the space and make it a truly unique and comfortable abode. Many people choose to remodel their mobile home for a variety of reasons, including adapting to a growing family or seeking a more modern look.

A mobile home is a great investment, but it’s not immune to the effects of aging and weather damage. It is essential to take regular maintenance steps to keep your mobile home in good shape. For example, routine inspections of plumbing and electrical systems can help prevent minor issues from becoming costly repairs down the road. Additionally, maintaining a clean and well-organized mobile home can help extend its lifespan.


Some people mistakenly assume that mobile homes are exempt from local building codes. In reality, though, this couldn’t be farther from the truth. When it comes to remodeling a manufactured home, you may need a permit to ensure that the work is done properly and to code. A permit can also help protect you from potential issues down the road. For example, if you decide to sell your mobile home in the future, the buyer will likely search for records of any previous permits you obtained for the renovations. Having these documents can help put the buyer’s mind at ease and show them that the renovations were performed properly.

In addition to a permit, you will need to have a survey or plat of your property and submit a site plan with the application for the construction of a new home or addition. The county will use the site plan to verify that the home is located on the property in compliance with building codes and zoning regulations. In addition, the county will inspect the foundation of the mobile home and perform on-site inspections to determine whether the home is anchored correctly.

A permit is also required for any remodel that changes the structure of the mobile home. This includes alterations to electrical, plumbing and HVAC systems. However, some minor upgrades do not require a permit. For example, replacing windows and doors is considered a repair rather than a remodel. In addition, you don’t need a permit for replacements of appliances that are similar in size and standard to the original ones.

If you are unsure of whether or not you need a permit for your mobile home remodel, you should consult with a professional. They can give you advice on the rules and regulations for your specific municipality. They can also tell you what steps to take to obtain a permit.

Another consideration is the effect that a lack of a permit might have on your mortgage. For instance, if you attempt to sell your home and the lender finds out that you didn’t pull the necessary permits, they might refuse to advance the loan or even cancel the mortgage. In such a case, you would have to redo the entire project and pay fines and other related expenses.

Concrete Repair

The Importance of Concrete Repair

Concrete repair is an important step in maintaining safe, functional, and aesthetically pleasing surfaces. It’s also an ongoing process to prevent damage and deterioration.

Concrete Repair

The ideal concrete repair method will depend on the type of deterioration. It’s important to take safety precautions, allocate sufficient time and budget, consider professional help, and practice proper maintenance to achieve the best results. To learn more, visit

Concrete cracks are inevitable and are the result of natural forces at work within concrete elements. As concrete dries, it undergoes an exothermic chemical reaction that causes water molecules to evaporate, creating voids and stresses which result in cracking. These cracks may also create a passageway for moisture and dissolved salts, which can cause damage and deterioration to the concrete element. Regular inspection and prompt repair of cracks can prevent the problems that they pose.

To repair cracks, the first step is to clean the area around the crack. This can be done with a pressure washer or detergent to remove any dirt or debris that has accumulated in the area. This will help to ensure that the crack filler has a good bond with the existing concrete surface.

After the crack has been cleaned, a backer rod should be stuffed into the crack to help hold the crack filler in place. The rod should be a size larger than the width of the crack. Then, the crack should be filled with a concrete patching material according to the manufacturer’s directions. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application of the product, as different products require different preparation methods and drying times.

Once the crack has been filled, it should be lightly tamped with a hand tamper to settle the concrete patching and make sure there are no air pockets. The surface of the patch should then be sealed with a water-based acrylic, epoxy, or polyurethane coating to protect it from moisture and harsh weather conditions.

The final step is to use a concrete replacement method to replace the damaged concrete in the slab or wall. This can be accomplished with dry mix or wet mix repair. If the cracked concrete is a structural component of a structure, it may be necessary to use external prestressing strands or bars to add a compressive force to the cracks and improve the strength of the repaired concrete.

It is advisable to use the dry pack repair method for most crack repairs as it is easy and economical. It consists of one part cement and two and a half parts sand. This can be colour matched using different combinations of sand and cements.


Concrete is a tough and durable material, but it’s not immune to wear and tear. One common problem is delamination, where layers of concrete separate and weaken the structure. This can lead to structural issues, safety hazards, and expensive repairs.

Delaminations can be caused by a variety of factors, including improper construction techniques, poor curing practices, and poor-quality materials. They can also occur due to exposure to harsh weather conditions and aggressive chemicals. If a delamination is isolated, it may not affect the integrity of the concrete. But widespread delamination can be very dangerous and needs to be addressed immediately.

Unlike cracks, delaminations are not easy to spot in concrete slabs until the surface has set and hardened. They appear as hollow-sounding areas, exacerbated by traffic, and can range from a few square inches to several square feet in area. This makes them particularly difficult to repair, as they can’t be simply sanded down and resurfaced.

The best way to identify a delamination in a concrete slab is by tapping or sounding the surface. This can be done with a hammer or chain drag, and usually yields a different sound than solid concrete. If a drummy or clacking sound is heard, the concrete surface has delaminated and should be addressed immediately.

If the delamination is only on the surface, it can be repaired by patching. However, extensive delamination may require removal and reconstruction of the underlying concrete or reinforcement. This can be done with shotblasting, hydrodemolition, or grinding, depending on the extent of the damage. A high-strength resurfacing product should then be applied to the remaining sound concrete.

Water-related delaminations are usually more serious, as they can eat away at the underlying concrete. These can be prevented by ensuring adequate compaction during concrete placement and proper curing practices. They can also be reduced by not sealing the concrete until bleed water and air have escaped, and by using concrete resurfacing products with low water content. When these products are used, they should be tested for chemical resistance to ensure they’ll bond with the existing concrete.

Loose Joints

Those little expansion joints that run through the concrete slabs on sidewalks, driveways and commercial flooring need to be repaired when they start to chip. If they go untreated, the concrete slabs could crack and shift causing long-term damage.

The expansion joint is designed to allow the concrete pads to expand and contract with temperature changes without cracking the slabs. The joints are filled with a special material that is a bit more flexible than the concrete and acts as a shock absorber to help cushion the movement of the concrete slabs. The expansion joints need to be sealed with a waterproof sealant like QUIKRETE® Self-Leveling Polyurethane Sealant or QUIKRETE® Non-Sag Polyurethane Sealant.

If the expansion joint is left open, dirt and debris can collect in it which eventually erodes the mastic and causes the joint to become loose. Water seepage into the joint also makes it a breeding ground for weeds and other vegetation that can then cause further deterioration of the mastic and the joint filler.

The best way to repair a loose expansion joint is to dig out the old material and flush out the joints with a hose. Then clean the area with a wet-dry vacuum and apply a bonding adhesive. Allow the adhesive to dry for 10-15 minutes. Then insert a foam backer rod that is cut to length. This will act as a new shock absorber to protect the concrete from future stress and pressure.

Next use a caulking gun to apply the waterproof sealant. Start with a scratch coat that is a thin layer of the repair product mixed with water to a soupy consistency. Smear the scratch coat with a gloved hand to get it into all of the nooks and crannies of the joint.

Once the scratch coat has dried, apply a second thicker coat and smooth it out. When the second coat has dried, apply a third thin coat and then spray a fine layer of sand to blend in with the surrounding concrete and make it less obvious that you have used a repair material.

Faulty Foundations

The foundation of your home should be well built in order to keep it stable and prevent future problems. Foundation issues can develop if the soil is not properly compacted during construction or when there are changes in temperature that cause expansion and contraction of the concrete. When these shifts occur, the soil may be unable to support the weight of your structure and will start to move or crack.

Some foundation cracks are serious and can threaten your building’s structural integrity. These are called structural cracks and need to be repaired as soon as possible. Non-structural cracks are not as severe and can be caused by other factors such as shrinkage in concrete during curing or by the movement of earth underneath your foundation.

When your foundation is showing signs of movement it is important to contact a concrete repair specialist as soon as possible. It is also important to understand what is causing the movement so you can take steps to address it. Foundation problems can be caused by heaving soil, expansive clay, or insufficient excavation during construction. It is also common for older homes to experience a problem called foundation heave. This happens when the soil under the foundation gets too much exposure to water and expands causing the concrete slab to crack.

Another common issue is when the soil under the foundation is unable to support the structure and it starts to sink. This is often caused by soil erosion or settlement. This can lead to cracking in the foundation and in other areas of your home such as the basement floor, walls, and driveways.

Sometimes filling in horizontal cracks or other cosmetic repairs is not enough to stop foundation damage. In these cases, a professional contractor can perform lift and leveling services to solve the problem for good.

There are a number of solutions for foundation repair such as steel piers and helical piles. During these types of foundation repair, galvanized steel piers are driven into the ground beneath your home until they reach stable soil that is able to support the weight of your structure. Helical piles are similar to piers except they have threaded sections that allow them to be screwed into the ground.


Masonry Repair

masonry repair

Brick and stone buildings can last a lifetime with proper maintenance. The key to longevity is recognizing and responding quickly to minor damage.

If you spot any masonry issues, contact us for a free assessment and estimate. We can recommend the right solution, whether it’s tuckpointing, parging, waterproof caulking or any other repair. For more information, visit this website at

Brick structures are susceptible to a variety of stressors. These can include weather variations that cause expansion and contraction, movement of building materials such as doors and windows, corrosion of steel or iron reinforcements and the movement of soils that impact foundations.

The result of these stressors is the development of mortar cracks in masonry walls, structures and sidewalks. While mortar cracks are a normal part of the process of deterioration, they should be addressed promptly to prevent further issues. If left unchecked, they can lead to the need for more extensive masonry restoration work.

To repair cracks in mortar, start by cold chiseling out the cracked material to a depth of an inch or less. Afterward, clean the crack and then mist the area to keep the new mortar from drying too quickly. Mix up a batch of fresh mortar and apply it to the crack using a masonry trowel, working in small sections so as not to overfill the crack. After it is filled, use a masonry jointing tool to mold the joints to a more uniform look.

Once the joints are finished, spray the area with water to keep it from drying too rapidly and then brush away any residual debris. If the crack continues to develop, consider mechanically stitching the masonry with a crack stitching system such as PowaTwist, which uses stainless steel bars with a special grout that locks everything in place. These types of systems can be much more effective than simply filling in the cracks with a simple patch, as they redistribute tensile loads throughout the structure.

It is always best to prevent these cracks from developing in the first place, as it can save you a lot of money and time in the long run. A general cleaning of your masonry surfaces and regular inspections can help to detect problems before they become too serious, as well as prevent the need for costly masonry repair. Water repellants are also an excellent way to prevent moisture from damaging masonry structures. While these products cannot stop all cracking and crumbling, they can significantly increase the life of a brick structure.

Repairing Damaged Units

Masonry is a material used to construct many buildings, structures and walls. It is a popular choice because of its durability, strength, fire resistance and sound-proofing. But like any material, masonry will eventually wear down and require repair. Periodic inspections should be conducted to assess the condition of a masonry building, and a masonry repair plan should be devised accordingly.

Masonry repairs can include everything from re-pointing to patching and repairing damaged brick units. Re-pointing involves replacing old mortar with new mortar of the same strength and composition as the original mortar. This is an essential part of masonry restoration, and it can help to keep the underlying brick, stone or concrete from being exposed to too much water.

The most common masonry repairs are to fix damage caused by impacts, such as cracks that are a result of movement or the impact from a car or other vehicle. Cracks can also be caused by the contraction and expansion of masonry due to changes in temperature or by the natural freeze-thaw cycle. In some cases, the masonry unit may be completely removed and replaced with an appropriate replacement.

Repairs to damaged masonry units should be made as close as possible in size and appearance to the existing unit. This will ensure that the repaired area is as functional and visually compatible as the rest of the masonry. In addition, any masonry repair should be as minimal as possible in order to preserve the historic integrity of the structure.

Masonry repairs should be carefully designed to preserve the structural and visual integrity of a historical or existing building. These repairs should not be confused with a building restoration, which is usually a larger and more involved project. Restoration projects typically involve restoring a building to its original appearance.

Historic masonry structures can be difficult to maintain and repair, but with proper care they can continue to serve their owner for generations. Regular masonry repairs and maintenance can extend the life of a masonry building significantly, and they can prevent the need for costly restorations. The best way to ensure that a historic masonry structure is properly cared for and protected is to have a thorough inspection done by qualified professionals.

Repairing Control Joints

Masonry is a common construction material, and many buildings are constructed of brick or stone. Some building use masonry as the primary structure, while others incorporate other materials such as wood or steel but have a masonry facade to add interest and beauty to the exterior. When a masonry structure experiences damage, it is important to hire a professional mason to repair the damaged areas and restore the structural integrity of the building.

Control joints are vertical weak planes intentionally built or cut into masonry to control where cracking occurs. They are typically required in concrete block masonry structures, but are recommended in any masonry system expected to experience net shrinkage, including precast concrete and cast stone.

When properly detailed and located, movement joints can help reduce the damaging effects of expansion, contraction, moisture related shrinkage, lateral forces and other structural stresses. The type, location and spacing of these joints depend on a variety of factors, including the masonry material, climatic conditions, size and shape of the building, and the experience and expertise of the contractor.

Most cracks in masonry walls are the result of failure to provide adequate design provisions for movement within the structure. Most of these structural failures occur at the interface of masonry veneers and window or door frames, where inadequate gaps between the frame and the masonry are created. These gaps provide a pathway for moisture to penetrate the wall, which is the leading cause of water penetration and freeze-thaw damage.

In order to minimize the occurrence of these cracks, designers are encouraged to illustrate and dimension gaps at the interface of the masonry veneers with window and door frames in their construction documents. These dimensions should be used to locate movement joints which, when properly detailed and located, can help prevent cracking of the masonry veneers at these openings.

To prevent moisture intrusion through these openings, a good quality caulk or joint sealant should be used. QUIKRETE Masonry Sealant is ideal for this purpose, as it has the proper formulation to accommodate expansion and contraction of masonry, while providing a long-lasting, weathertight seal. To properly install this product, it is first necessary to clean the surface of the joint by scrubbing it with a stiff bristle brush and scrub pad. Then, the gap should be backer rodd with a masonry jig and caulked with a high-strength, solvent-based polyurethane joint filler.

Repairing Damaged Stone

The stone surfaces of a wall should be repaired as soon as possible to prevent further damage and to ensure that the building has an attractive appearance. Small problems, such as cracked mortar or crumbling stone, can be dealt with quickly and inexpensively. More serious problems may require more extensive repair or even restoration by a commercial masonry contractor. Regular inspections by a masonry professional can help identify problem areas and prevent expensive and time-consuming repairs later on.

The first step in repairing stone masonry is to clean the damaged area of debris, dirt and loose mortar. Then, the cracks and gaps should be dampened with water to promote a good bond between the new repair material and the existing masonry. Depending on the size and location of the cracks or gaps, different types of repair materials will be used. For example, smaller gaps can be filled with a lime grout mix, while larger cracks or voids should be patched using a specialized stone epoxy or other product.

Once the cracks and gaps have been repaired, any damaged or missing stones should be replaced with similar stone. Before applying the replacement stone, it is important to find an appropriate stone that will match the existing texture and color of the wall. After the replacement stone has been carefully cut, it should be misted and then spread with a mason’s trowel over an area of the wall that is slightly larger than the cavity it will fill. It is also helpful to use a pointing tool to create grooves in the mortar for increased adhesion to the stone.

For more severe defects, sandblasting and dry pointing (injecting mortar into horizontal pores of a masonry surface) can be used to restore stone surfaces. However, these methods are not suitable for all exposures or for all stone types and should be limited to very sheltered walls. A more comprehensive approach to repairing stone masonry includes the use of a variety of repointing techniques, including traditional saddle joints that direct rainwater flowing onto cornices and other projecting elements away from perpendicular joints.